Taking care of Your Hair
We’ve about 100,000 hairs on our wave heads. Every hair shaft has three layers, with the cuticle, or outside layer, protecting the two inner layers.
Shiny hair is a sign of health as a result of the layers of the cuticle lie flat and mirror gentle. When the scales of the cuticle lie flat they overlap tightly, the inside layers are protected from heat, solar, chlorine, and all the other hazards that may come from living in our atmosphere.
When hair is damaged, although, the scales may separate and hair can grow to be dry. As a result of the scales on dry hair don’t protect the inner two layers as well, hair can break and look dull.
The type of hair a person has — whether or not it is straight or curly — can also have an effect on how shiny it is. Sebum, which is the pure oil on the hair, covers straight hair higher than curly hair, which is why straight hair can seem shinier.
Depending how lengthy a person’s hair is or how fast it grows, the tip of every hair shaft can be a couple of years old. So the hair at the end of the shaft could have survived a number of summers of scorching solar and saltwater and winters of chilly, dry air. How properly you care in your hair from the time it emerges from the root performs a task in how wholesome it seems.
Caring for Hair
How you’re taking care of your hair will depend on the type of hair you will have, your lifestyle, and how you fashion your hair.
Your hair type. Folks with dry, curly hair have totally different hair care needs than individuals with straight, wonderful hair. But all hair must be treated gently, particularly when it is wet. Wet hair can stretch, making it more susceptible to breakage or cuticle injury. That’s why using a hot blow-dryer (or other heat styling merchandise) on very wet hair can damage it. Long, excessive heat causes bubbles to kind within the hair shaft, which causes them to interrupt easily.
Some folks discover that their hair gets oily of their teen years. That is as a result of the hair follicles include sebaceous glands that make sebum, which moisturizes the hair and pores and skin. Throughout adolescence, the sebaceous glands might develop into overactive because of hormone modifications throughout puberty, producing more oil than needed. As with acne, oily hair is usually a brief a part of puberty.
Many teenagers care for oily hair by washing it as soon as a day — or more in the event that they’re lively. So long as you treat your hair gently when it is wet, frequent washing should not hurt it. When you’ve got acne, it’s a good suggestion to keep the hair round your face clean so hair oils don’t clog your pores.
If you are washing your hair every single day or extra, it could also be higher to decide on a mild shampoo as an alternative of a shampoo designed for oily hair. For some individuals — particularly folks with superb, fragile, or combination hair (hair that’s oily on the crown but dry on the ends) — shampoos for oily hair could be too harsh. If you have oily hair and want to make use of a conditioner, select one that’s made for oily hair.
If your hair is dry, it’s a good idea to wash it much less frequently. Some people solely need to scrub their hair once every week — and that’s fantastic. Many people who have curly hair also have dry hair. Curly and dry hair types are normally more fragile than straight hair, so you’ll need to be especially careful about utilizing heat styling products. Shampoos made for dry hair and hair conditioners may help.
Your exercise level and pursuits. Do you play sports activities or spend numerous time at the seaside These kinds of things can have an effect on your hair. For example, if you’re an athlete with oily hair, you may want to scrub your hair after working up a sweat during observe and video games. But when you are a lifeguard or a swimmer, sun and saltwater (or the chlorine in pool water) can dry your hair out, no matter what your hair type. If you’re uncovered to solar, wind, or other components, you may want to use a shampoo designed for dry hair or use a conditioner. It is also a good suggestion to put on a hat to guard your hair when you are outdoors.
Your hairstyle. Heat styling merchandise like curling and straightening irons can dry out even oily hair in the event that they’re used a lot. Follow the instructions rigorously, and do not use them on wet hair or excessive settings, and provides your hair a vacation from styling every so often. Ask your hair stylist or dermatologist for recommendation on using heat styling products.
Chemical therapies can also harm hair if they’re not used properly. If you decide you need a chemical remedy to shade, straighten, or curl your hair, it’s best to trust the job to professionals. Stylists who’re skilled in applying chemicals to hair will be in a position to guage your hair type and decide which chemicals will work greatest for you.
Listed here are some things to pay attention to when getting chemical treatments:
Relaxers. Relaxers (straighteners) work by breaking chemical bonds in curly hair. Relaxers containing lye can cause pores and skin irritation and hair breakage. Although “no lye” relaxers could cause less irritation, each sorts of relaxers may cause problems if they’re used in the improper method (for example, in the event that they’re combined incorrectly or left on the hair for too long). Scratching, brushing, or combing your hair right earlier than a chemical enjoyable remedy can enhance these dangers. And do not use relaxers — or any hair treatment — in case your scalp is irritated.
For those who decide to keep straightening your hair, you will need to natural hair sew in wait no less than 6 weeks earlier than your next remedy. That provides your hair an opportunity to develop sufficient so you can straighten just the brand new growth, with out touching hair that’s already been straightened. Putting more chemicals on hair that’s already been straightened can actually damage your hair. Relaxers could cause hair breakage when used over a period of time, even after they’re used correctly. Utilizing blow-dryers, curling or straightening irons, or shade on chemically relaxed hair can also enhance the chance of damage.
Perms. Perms take straight hair and make it curly. The risks are much like those related to relaxers.
Coloration. There are two types of color: everlasting (which means the colour stays in your hair till it grows out) and semi-everlasting (the coloration washes out after a while). Some semi-everlasting coloring natural hair sew in remedies, like henna, are pretty safe and easy to make use of at dwelling. Some folks get a situation called contact dermatitis (an allergic reaction with a rash) from henna and different “pure” products, so make certain to test a small area first. Different shade treatments — particularly permanent therapies — could cause hair loss, burning, redness, and irritation. A number of types of coloring treatments could cause allergic reactions in sure individuals, and in uncommon circumstances these could be very serious. So discuss to your stylist if you’re worried that you could also be delicate to the merchandise. Also, talk to your stylist about doing a patch take a look at before using a product. And by no means use hair dyes on your eyelashes or eyebrows.
Common haircuts are among the best ways to help keep hair wholesome. Even if you have long hair or you’re trying to grow your hair, a haircut may help protect the ends of your hair from splitting and damage. The truth is, cutting may actually help your hair develop higher because it is wholesome and never breaking off.
Coping with Hair Issues
Listed here are some frequent hair issues — and recommendations on the right way to deal with them.
Dandruff — or flakes of useless pores and skin — could be noticeable in a person’s hair and on clothing. No one actually knows what causes dandruff, though studies appear to indicate that it could also be attributable to a sort of fungus or an irritation.
Dandruff isn’t contagious or harmful. Over-the-counter shampoos containing salicylic acid, zinc, tars, or selenium sulfide can reduce dandruff flakes. When shampooing, therapeutic massage your scalp (however do not scratch) for at the least 5 minutes, loosening the flakes together with your fingers. Rinse your hair nicely after washing. If your dandruff does not improve, see your doctor. She or he might prescribe a prescription shampoo and presumably a lotion or liquid to rub into your scalp.
Hair can break when points in the hair thicken or weaken. Typically this happens close to the scalp so an individual’s hair never grows very lengthy. When hairs break on the ends, they’re known as “break up ends,” and the splits can travel up the hair shaft.
A major cause of hair breakage is improper use of chemical hair treatments, like the treatments described above. But brushing or combing hair too steadily or within the fallacious means (corresponding to utilizing a advantageous-toothed comb on very thick, curly hair or teasing hair) can lead to breakage. Hair extensions and braids may cause breakage. Leaving them in too lengthy or pulling them out without professional assist could cause hair and scalp harm or even hair loss.
Sometimes hair breakage and dry, brittle hair are signs of a medical problem, reminiscent of hypothyroidism or an eating disorder. If your hair is breaking regardless that you don’t treat it with chemicals or different styling merchandise, see a doctor.
Hair Loss (Alopecia)
It is regular for everybody to lose some hair. Actually, we lose about one hundred hairs every day as old hairs fall out and are changed with new ones. With hair loss, although, hair thins at a rate that cannot be replaced. When hair falls out and isn’t replaced by new hair, an individual can turn out to be bald or have bald patches.
Hair loss will be momentary or everlasting, relying on the cause. If altering your hairstyle or other therapy would not assist, see a physician. She or he might prescribe a drug to slow or stop hair loss and to help hair grow.