The best way to Make Paper – An Illustrated Step-by-Step Guide
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Tips on how to Make Paper – An Illustrated Step-by-Step Guide
Updated on September 17, 2008 Stacie Naczelnik moreContact Author Design Your personal Paper text-decoration:line-through” oncontextmenu=”return showBrokenLink(417419, false);” onclick=”return showBrokenLink(417419, false)”>Deckle for Papermaking
A simple method for making your personal deckle at home with supplies you will discover at any craft or hardware store.
Making a Deckle Box
Another easy option to make a deckle, but in a different format. It also talks about making different sized deckle boxes.
Step-by-Step Photos for Steps 1-3
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeStep 1: See the 2 parts of the deckle, the larger part is the top.Step 1: Fit the larger frame over the smaller frame.Step 2: Fill the sink or tub with water.Step 3: Combine water, paper, and embellishments to blender. Here, I added moss (for texture) and cinnamon (for scent).Step 3: Blend until paper pulp is soft. Step-by-Step Photos for Steps 4-5
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeStep 4: Hold the deckle in the water with one hand.Step 4: Pour the pulp into the deckle.Step 4: Swish the deckle around. You may as well swish the pulp with your fingers.Step 5: Lift the deckle straight up out of the water. Let all of the excess water drain.Step 5: Tilt the deckle to an angle, letting the remainder of the water drain out. Step-by-Step Photos for Steps 6-7
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeStep 6: Remove the top of the deckle.Step 6: See the layer of wet fiber/pulp.Step 7: Place the loose screen over the pulp.Step 7: Press the sponge against the screen, squeezing out the excess water.Step 7: Turn the deckle over onto the towel. Step-by-Step Photos for Steps 7-8
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeStep 7: Use the sponge on the screen to remove excess water.Step 7: Remove the deckle, leaving the pulp on the loose screen.Step 8: Flip the screen over onto a dry blotter.Step 8: Couch the pulp by rolling the blotter, pulp, screen sandwich.Step 8: Remove the screen from the pulp. Step-by-Step Photos for Steps 8-9
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeStep 8: Flip the pulp and blotter over onto a dry blotter page.Step 8: Couch the pulp once again, by rolling the blotter pages.Step 8: Remove the top blotter page. The pulp should be stuck (couched) to the bottom blotter page.Step 9: Carefully remove the pulp sheet from the blotter paper.Step 9: Here is your first piece of homemade paper. Now, set it out to dry. Paper Making with Lonnie and Jacqueline
Making Paper with 4th Graders
Click thumbnail to view full-sizeTo add a picture, simply place the photo on the pulp while it remains to be under water.Gently press the picture (or other embellishment, like leaves or petals) into the pulp.The embellishment will set into the pulp as you pull the deckle out of the water.The finished paper with embellishment.Both finished pieces. These only took about 15 minutes to make. Quick Papermaking Demo
What You’ll need:
Kitchen sink with stopper, or large plastic tub
Kitchen Towels, or rags
Deckle (make your own, or buy one at a craft store)
leaves, moss, glitter, or other decorations
Paper – you should use old envelopes, papers, newspapers, stamps (but avoid glossy paper, like magazines)
Microwave or hair dryer, if desired
Assemble your deckle by fitting the larger frame over the screened side of the smaller frame.
Fill your sink or tub with warm water (so it feels nice to touch–not too hot, not too cold). The water should be about three inches deep.
Now, it is time to make your paper pulp. Tear your paper into squares (about 1″). Combine water with the paper in your blender. It ought to be about 2:1, two parts water to 1 part paper. Blend until the pulp is soft. You might see some chunks, but not any big ones.
You might be ready to pour your pulp. Place your deckle and screen within the sink (or tub), so the water is about 1″ below the top of the deckle. Hold the deckle down under the water with one hand. With your free hand, pour the pulp into the deckle. Swish the deckle around.
Lift the deckle straight up, draining the visible water. You want to maintain the pulp even, so avoid tilting the deckle as you lift it. Once the visible water has drained, tilt the deckle. Await the water to stop draining.
Place the deckle on a flat surface. Remove the top half of the deckle. There will be a layer of wet fiber (pulp) on the screen.
Now, it’s essential sponge the pulp. Place your loose screen over the pulp. Use a moist sponge to evenly press over the pulp. Squeeze the sponge out into the sink, and repeat. You want to attract as much moisture out of the pulp as you possibly can. Fold a kitchen towel, or rag, in half, then turn the pulp (with screen and deckle) over onto the towel. Use the sponge on the deckle screen to remove excess water. Squeeze out sponge and repeat.
Remove the deckle, leaving the pulp pressed against the loose screen. You possibly can peel the pulp off of the deckle if it sticks.
It’s time to couch (pronounced koo-ch) the paper pulp. Flip the screen and pulp onto a piece of blotter paper. The pulp ought to be sandwiched between the screen and the blotter. Use a rolling pin to roll over the pulp sandwich. The pulp will transfer from the screen to the blotter. This method is called couching (kooching). Couch the paper again, onto a dry blotter. In case your paper pulp is still really wet, couch again.
Carefully lift one corner of the pulp sheet, slowly peeling it off of the blotter. It is time to let the paper dry. You’ll be able to let it air dry (which takes 1-3 days depending on humidity), heat it within the microwave for about 1-2 minutes, or use a blow dryer on the paper.
Don’t be surprised in case your paper curls. To flatten it, stick it under some heavy books overnight.
You have just made one piece of paper!
The Step-by-Step Photos
The Step-by-Step Photos on the proper show how I went through the 9 steps to make paper. I wanted to make red paper, so I found some red scrap paper. I combined it with some white paper that had drawings on it. For texture, I added some dried moss. I also tossed in some cinnamon to present the paper a pleasant scent. I blended all of those along with some water.
Ready to Make More Paper
The blotters have to be dry before you make more paper. Either have enough dry blotters available, or dry them within the microwave first. Instead of using blotters, you can also use felt pieces or rags.
In case your screens start to stretch, simply use a blow dryer on them. This may help tighten them back up.
Embellish Your Paper
You’ll be able to create different textures and designs by adding anything to the pulp that you can put into your blender – think spices (make it smell good too), essential oils, petals, potpourri, colored paper, food coloring, glitter, leaves, tea, and moss.
You can even add the embellishments to the pulp after you complete Step 4 from above. Simply place or sprinkle the items on the pulp, gently embedding them into the pulp. When you progress on to Step 5, pulling the deckle out, the items will be stuck to the surface of the paper.
You possibly can embed an image (paper copy, not glossy) into your paper with this same process.
The Papermaking Videos
On the correct, you’ll find three videos showing the best way to make paper. These videos are helpful to observe because they provide you with a general idea of the papermaking process.
Paper Making with Lonnie and Jacqueline: The method used to make paper in this video is most just like the method I have described here. This video will show you ways easy it is to make paper, plus it shows just a few small differences in style between how paper is made in the video and the tactic provided here.
Making Paper with 4th Graders: This video shows you how easy it’s to get children involved in papermaking projects. As well, it offers more ideas for paper decorating embellishments. The tactic shown here differs from mine, but allows you a look at another way of creating paper.
Quick Papermaking Demo:That is a fast, simple demo showing how easy it’s to make paper once all your supplies are arrange.
How to Crease Paper When Making Holiday Cards
Whether you’re making holiday cards, greeting cards, or small books, the right crease can make or break the standard of your project.
The way to Make Home Made Paper You can Plant
The Thrifty Fun website provides a fantastic recipe for making paper that can be planted. This recycled paper could be implanted into your garden, and used as compost. The location also features a forum for comments and concepts.
Paperonline is an educational resource to learn about the history of paper world wide. The positioning offers a timeline, so it is straightforward to follow the progress of paper throughout the years.
Reuse/Recyle: Homemade Paper
Here is an alternative method to creating paper. The location also offers a quick and simple process for making your own deckle out of an old picture frame and window screen.
The right way to Make Paper – Homemade Papermaking
Pioneer Thinking provides a set of crafting how-to’s, including a simple recipe to make paper at home. The site offers a list of possible materials that can be recycled into handmade paper.
China’s Ancient Papermaking Tradition Preserved
Learn more in regards to the ancient tradition of papermaking in China. This site also shows you the way the traditions are still preserved in China today, while allowing you to explore other arts from the country.
Why Recycle Paper
Learn more concerning the recycling process from Green Practices. This site talks about paper recycling, as well as recycling plastic, glass, and metals. The location also offers more resources, like facts and statistics related to recycling.
After you get the hang of creating your own paper, start experimenting. See how thick or thin you can make your pieces. Play with the colours and embellishments. If you utilize different sized deckles, you can also make different sized pieces of paper.
You can use your paper to put in writing letters, make cards, or create wall decorations. You can even use the paper to make your personal book. You’ll be able to straighten the edges of your homemade paper by cutting them. However, a wavy edge is the true mark of handmade paper.
Another fun idea when making your paper, is to adding different sorts of fibers to your paper. For example, you’ll be able to add bits of yarn or string to the pulp.
While making your paper, ponder these strange facts: Paper began to be used as toilet paper in the 2nd Century!
Some Quick Tips:
To forestall ink from running while writing on your handmade paper, simply add some liquid starch to the pulp mixture.
Another method to both drying and flattening your paper is to make use of an iron.
Making Paper from the Garden
This text, by Sharon Lovejoy, shares how one can make flower paper using plant fibers from the garden. She provides a simple recipe with room for experimentation.
Learn To Make Homemade Paper
That is a child-friendly tutorial on making paper at home. It includes a step-by-step recipe, as well as historical details about papermaking.
Papermaking Supplies on Amazon
Arnold Grummer’s Economy Large-Dip Handmold Papermaking Kit Buy Now Related
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sendingmanuel 20 months ago
Cefeeaselry 3 years ago
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Toy Tasting 4 years ago from Mumbai
Stacie, that is such an awesome hub! I’d have never thought of creating my very own paper for project work. I think I’m going to present it a try. Sounds really interesting.
meee 4 years ago
i am doing a research project and this site is useful but can anyone help me out a bit more thanks every1 byee
Das 4 years ago
I’m an artist from bangladesh . Interested Hand made paper making .
creativespirit63 4 years ago from Omaha, Nebraska
Nice job! I really like making paper. Thank you!
geraldhakks 4 years ago
Making paper at home is something that my kids would like to learn. Thanks for this guide.
lexi 5 years ago
I cant wait to do that, looks SO awesome!!! Thanks!
fuk3r 5 years ago
ur mom is a b1tch
ur mom 5 years ago
shane brett 5 years ago
this was cool to know the way to make it
flaberlabberdingdong 5 years ago
this was pointless cld jus go 2 the shop
yutray 5 years ago
this is what i On the lookout for…thank you for sharing
Reve 5 years ago from Dhaka
Whole idea of making paper inside home is terrific. Thanks to your useful hub 🙂
emmalina 5 years ago
fgjh 5 years ago
pooop is awsome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! B—–
tyty 5 years ago
Wilson Terblanche 5 years ago
I am retired and is on the lookout for a “not an excessive amount of effort” hobby. I’m quite a handyman so I will do that very usefull tips.
stacey symon 5 years ago
what’s occurring aaaaaa im skared lol not realy i dont know eny give it some thought bu8t great pictures who ever rote this ps.IM TEN
ThePelton 6 years ago from Martinsburg, WV USA
A technique I found of driving the water out of the wet paper and felt stack was to face on it after putting a chunk of heavy plywood over it. I weigh somewhere between 180 and 200 pounds, so it drives a bit of water out once i do this.
Painter Penfield talked of using dryer lint. That’s OK as long as it is not synthetic. Nylon, Rayon and the like is not going to mat together like natural fibers.
jason c arguelles 6 years ago
I love deckle!!!!!!!
niki 6 years ago
it is super duper duper excellent hub it is awsome!!!!!!!!!!!!
chuck gamana 6 years ago
i like this!!!!!!!!!!
pls teach me.
hongkong 6 years ago
it is so bad
marjorie 6 years ago
thanks,,this is an effective help for me ,for my project…hehehhehe
fri 6 years ago
i hate it. what’s a deckle
Emma 6 years ago from Houston TX
Wow.Good,Great,Wonderful and interesting hub.Quite informative and educating article which i actually enjoyed coming across.thanks for scripting this cool hub.
steel plate 6 years ago
so cool!!really great detailed directions, maybe i am going to try it after all
I made the paper out of junk mail and dryer lint for my boyfriend’s birthday card. Woot! I also put a link to your site on my currently under revision hub on art from recycled materials. I’ll probably have the ability to re-post that tomorrow or the following day. I definitely put a link to your site on my blog though. Individuals are watching you 😉
Painter Penfield 6 years ago from Tampa Bay area Florida
Fantastic hub! Now I have another thing I can do with my fast accumulating dryer lint! I wish I had found your hub when I used to be organising the link to my Green Art from Recycled materials hub. Those hub link suggestions don’t always pick one of the best links…
Thanks for the really informative How-To on paper making.
G Boy 6 years ago
It actually WORKS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
reagan 6 years ago
sup individuals who posted comment bye
zum 6 years ago
WELL DONE GUYS
Jason dos antos 6 years ago
Hey goog pape making process
big man 6 years ago
hey this really cool i might use this in my project on how to turn trees into paper.
Jeff_McRitchie 6 years ago
This is a wonderful article. It is extremely detailed and a giant help to anyone who wants to make his/her own paper.
secure shredding fort lauderdale 7 years ago
I’ll do this and after i;ll take it to a shredding machine to see what happens. hi hi
53061986 7 years ago from puerto rico
very nice Hub, i don’t know why nevertheless it made me hungry
alex 7 years ago
“Either have enough dry blotters readily available, or dry them within the microwave first.”
i put in the microwave and it cot fire 🙁
scaffolding tower 7 years ago from United Kingdom
This looks like a fantastic DIY project that can involve the kids! Glad I stumbled upon your hub.
art babe 7 years ago
That is sooooo coooool!!!
shinujohn2008 7 years ago
Making and Recycling Paper at home is really useful
AnythingArtzy 7 years ago from OHIO
I can now mark this off my list as a future hub.
I also make paper and could not have said it any better myself. I’ll add though that should you do this quite a bit and desire a “natural” look colored paper, most newspapers will sell you their endrolls of unprinted psper cheap. Looks great when adding all your spices and leaves etc.
Another tip for vibrant paper is tissue paper. You utilize a bit more to get the proper thickness to your paper but it’s worth it. I also use it so as to add color to other papers. the color runs so it blends well.
la orli 7 years ago
it failed and didn’t work i dont ike it
Sage Knowles 7 years ago
really great detailed directions, maybe i’ll try it after all
roswebb 7 years ago from Ireland
wow… I’ll do this.
DragonOZ 7 years ago from Australia
Great guide. They make great birthday cards – individuals are always impressed 🙂
Unique Kids Stuff 7 years ago
I never thought of constructing paper as something you might do at home.
tonyhubb 7 years ago
Very helpful tips! Thanks for sharing !
Jane@CM 7 years ago
I’ve always wanted to learn the way to do this. Great informative hub! Thanks!
spencerprint 7 years ago
Great stuff. As a UK Print Broker I’m always promoting “Environmnetally Friendly Printing”, so this is real cool. Within the UK a company is running an experimental paper mill, using straw to make paper,. They hope to go commercial soon. Do they have anything similar within the UK Please be happy to check out the paper mill at http://www.bioregional.com
elijah 7 years ago
i didn’t like it much
Sexy jonty 8 years ago from India
Thanks for providing such useful information, and explaining it so clearly.
kateri 8 years ago
Can I add something to the mix to make the paper pliable
nettie 8 years ago
do youknow how io
Guest 8 years ago
Interesting… Did you know you can also make paper out of milk cartons
jenro 8 years ago
you probably did amazing job
Dink96 8 years ago from Phoenix, AZ
I like to make handmade cards but making the paper may be a lot. It could be a fun project, so I might give it a go and see how it turns out. Very informative blog. Thanks!
AuthorStacie Naczelnik 8 years ago from Seattle
There are pictures of the deckle at the highest. It is the wooden frame I use to make paper.
cashmere 8 years ago from India
What is a deckle
The remainder of the post won’t make sense till I do know that.
bananajana 8 years ago
Wonderful and really informative. Thanks so much. I just like the cinnamon idea, too.
Paper masta 8 years ago
Now gonna make a paper factory
Ria Bridges 8 years ago from Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Awesome Hub! I have been desirous to try paper-making for some time now, and I feel this might need just given me enough inspiration and advice to get started! Thank you!
t08c15 8 years ago
That was very clear and informative.
I used to be curious about paper making.
The number of references is great.
lindsay. 8 years ago
ah, this has helped with my project a lot.
Christoph Reilly 8 years ago from St. Louis
An extremely informative and detailed hub. Excellent work!
Bellesfleurs 8 years ago from West Georgia, USA
Well done! I’ve always wanted to do this — now I haven’t any excuse, right (Well, aside from not having a deckle…yet.)
Rebecca Graf 8 years ago from Wisconsin
Brought back memories of making paper at college. I still have it with the entrie classes signature!!!
ProCW 9 years ago from South Carolina
That is very interesting Stacie! I’m into recycling, but never considered recycling paper like that. Great hub and resourceful recycling!
John 9 years ago
Hi Thanks for sharing
First Eagle 9 years ago
Very useful tips! Thanks for sharing !
jshaiju 9 years ago from Chennai, India
Excellent hub. Good work. Step-by-step instructions. Expecting more hubs like this.
ngureco 9 years ago
A straightforward step-by-step guide with good photos.
Hope Wilbanks 9 years ago from Louisiana
Very cool! I’ve always wanted to make paper but have not been brave enough to try it yet. Your instructions are very easy though so maybe I am going to give it a try. 🙂
ialwayshaveprojectsatschoolonpaper 9 years ago
that is great for Keratin I Tip Peruvian Straight Virgin Hair Extensions my school projects!
(it would even be useful for 5th grade next year)
Frank 9 years ago from Montana
I’ll make aflower for my spouse
Techie 9 years ago
Amazing graphical instructions.
Jared L 9 years ago from Singapore
nice instructions…but this takes to much patience out of me 🙂
Eileen Hughes 9 years ago from Northam Western Australia
This is a great hub, I did it years ago but forgot how. Now I can do it again
Hubalicious 9 years ago from La Jolla
THis really does sound like quite a lot of fun…. But I am undecided I could sacrifice the margarita maker (blender) for the project.
clearwaterhomes 9 years ago
As we all work to be more eco friendly this can be a fun and functional strategy to make a difference.
cyndeehaydon 9 years ago from Clearwater Florida
What fun – as a homeschool mom of two boys this looks like a fun and educational process – excellent Hub!!
johnngd 9 years ago from Sydney
Top hub – what a great way of recyceling old scraps of paper – I heard you should use cotton to make paper – you get a superb effect apparently – has anyone tried this
singpec476 9 years ago from Not Too Far Away
This si another a type of things you never actually think about until someone mentions it, making paper would have never crossed my mind great hub.
vreccc 9 years ago from Concord, NH
Great hub! I remember making paper in elementary school. I don’t know in the event that they still do it today. I work for a college district. I will be sharing this one with the elementary school teachers. Ahh, what the heck… the highschool teachers, too.
Wayne Tully 9 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom
This brings back memories of me at art college, at first dreading all these creative making things, but I loved it! making your personal paper isn’t only economical it’s friendly for the environment and fun to do too.
I will be all set for making paper next weekend so I will be using your hub as a guide as it’s been awhile! Cheers!
Nice hub! Great idea to avoid wasting our trees 😉
compu-smart 9 years ago from London UK
What a cool idea and great hub! i will get have to get my niece who is a really keen drawer, and really environmentally friendly can now create her works of art on her very own home made paper!!
JR 9 years ago from California
Great hub!! I am excited to have a look at a few of the others you have made! This was very well put together!
Whitney 9 years ago from Georgia
Great step-by-step guide with pictures!
Isabella Snow 9 years ago
Wow! I would like to do that!!!!!! You’ve got made feel creative, Stacie!! Look out, Hallmark!!
Rik Rodriguez 9 years ago from instant wigs human hair Hawaii
Nice Job Stacie
I remember making paper in school.
Its lots of fun
MrMarmalade 9 years ago from Sydney
Your style shouldn’t be only good but your information great
Merle Ann Johnson 9 years ago from NW in the land of the Free
phew..what else do you might have time for with presentations like this Stacie This was very good…G-Ma:O) for real
Elisabeth Sowerbutts 9 years ago from New Zealand
Fantastic -I am getting inspired into new crafts at hubpages!
stubbs 9 years ago from London
wow that is superb, the photographs are great. I’ll pass this onto my cousin shes really into her own crafts and things she’ll love this.
great great hub
Carla Chadwick 9 years ago from Georgia, y’all
That is terrific! I’m going to bookmark it for future use. 🙂
CTCV 9 years ago
This is really wonderful! I can give you RATE OF EXCELLENCE…and i commend you for this. You’re terrific. Thanks for hubbing.
Zsuzsy Bee 9 years ago from Ontario/Canada
You added everything that anyone could need. We now have always enjoyed making our own paper and all of our cards all year long are from our own stock. We make our paper within the summer so that it doesn’t take as long to dry.
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